The Challenge of Open Science
Science describes the current transition in how research is undertaken, how the outputs are stored and disseminated, how researchers collaborate, how success is measured and how researchers are rewarded for Open approaches. Open Science has the potential to transform the research landscape. What is the role of academic libraries in supporting this transition? Is there indeed a role for libraries at all? What are the current views and agendas in various European countries? How do we differentiate regionally and nationally?
The aim of the Focus on Open Science Workshops
Started in 2015, we aim through these workshops to address the challenges posed by Open Science, using the 8 pillars of Open Science identified by the European Commission in its Open Science Policy Platform.
The mission statement for the workshops is: "Promote the concept of, values and best practices in the Open Science to European communities, with particular reference to libraries."
Why are these Workshops important?
We believe that such Workshops offer a practitioner experience, grounded in the principles of Open Science, and opportunities for networking at the local level. The Workshop format offers both on-the-spot interactions and follow-up opportunities.
Our team is happy to announce a Steering Committee that will help us select the annual topics, the invited speakers and advise on best practices for delivering successful events.
The members of Open Science Workshops Steering Committee are:
- Dr. Paul Ayris, Pro-Vice- Provost (UCL Library Services), Chief Executive, UCL Press, co-Chair of the LERU INFO Community (League of European Research Universities).
- Frank Manista, European Open Science Manager, Jisc, UK.
- Jeannette Frey, Director of BCU Lausanne and President of LIBER (Association of European Research Libraries).
- Colleen Campbell, Open Access 2020 Initiative, Max Planck Digital Library.
- Dr. Ignasi Labastida i Juan, Head of the Research and Innovation Unit of the CRAI at the University of Barcelona
- Dr. Tiberius Ignat, Director of Scientific Knowledge Services
Additionally, our local partners will be able to delegate a member to join our Steering Committee with reference to the respective event that will take place in their country.
The language of the Workshop will be English.
We look forward to seeing you in November, in what promise to be a stimulating event!
WHEN: November 12th 2018
WHERE: University library “SvetozarMarkovic”, Great hall, first floor - Bulevar kralja Aleksandra 71, Belgrade
This one-day workshop will address the following critical topics:
1. Open Science and the Management of A Cultural Change
2.The drivers of change: FAIR Data and Open Access
(Please re-visit this section! After event, we will include here links for downloads)
|09.00 - 10.00||Registration and networking|
|10.00 - 10.10||Welcome note|
|10.10 - 10.45||Dr. Paul Ayris, Pro-Vice-Provost University College London, UK: ‘Be the change that you wish to see in the world (Mahatma Ghandi)’: Universities and Cultural Change to deliver Open Science|
|10.45 - 11.20||Vanessa Proudman, SPARC Europe: It’s high time to rethink how we pay for Open infrastructure; it’s high time to act|
|11.20 - 11.40||Coffee break|
|11.40 - 12.15||Dr. Ignasi Labastida i Juan, Universitat de Barcelona, Catalunia: Facing the Open Science challenges from a university perspective|
|12.15 - 12.50||Giannis Tsakonas, LIBER: A new kind of dialogue: Open Science as a discourse topic between libraries, researchers and societies|
|12.50 - 14.00||Lunch break|
|14.00 - 14.35||Miro Pusnik, University of Ljubljana: Encouraging Open Science »literacy«: Four years of Focus on Open Science workshops|
|14.35 - 15.10||Adam Sofronijevic, University of Belgrade: Open Science: The Remedy for a Post-truth World|
|15.10 - 16.15||The Panel|
About the Speakers
Dr. Paul Ayris, University College London, UK
Dr Ayris is Pro-Vice- Provost (UCL Library Services). He joined UCL in 1997.
Dr Ayris was the President of LIBER (Association of European Research Libraries) 2010-14 and Advisor to the LIBER Board until 2018. He is Co-Chair of the LERU (League of European Research Universities) INFO Community. He chairs the OAI Organizing Committee for the Cern-Unige Workshops on Innovations in Scholarly Communication. He is also the Chair of JISC Collections’ Content Strategy Group. On 1 August 2013, Dr Ayris became Chief Executive of UCL Press. He is a member of the Provost and President’s Senior Management Team in UCL.
He has a Ph.D. in Ecclesiastical History and publishes on English Reformation Studies.
‘Be the change that you wish to see in the world (Mahatma Ghandi)’: Universities and Cultural Change to deliver Open Science
This paper will be built on the LERU (League of European Research Universities) Advice Paper on Open Science, which was presented to the Competitiveness Council of the European Union in May 2018. The Council works in four major policy areas, including research and innovation, to enhance competitiveness and increase growth. The paper begins by identifying cultural change as the key element in delivering substantial and sustainable change in universities. Looking at the challenges and benefits of Open Science, the paper then describes a path for how to embed cultural change in academic institutions. The second part of the paper then looks at the eight pillars of Open Science as defined by the Commission and gives examples both of how substantial change has been achieved at university level, and what the impact of those changes has been. The paper concludes by suggesting a model for how universities can assess whether cultural change has taken hold to deliver substantial change.
Giannis Tsakonas, LIBER
Giannis Tsakonas holds a BA in Librarianship from the Department of Archives and Library Sciences, Ionian University, Greece and a PhD in Information Science from the same Department. Currently, he works as Acting Director in the Library & Information Center, University of Patras, Greece. In the past he has worked in the frame of numerous projects concerning the development of digital libraries, while he has served the Program Committee of many national and international conferences. He is member of the Editorial Boards of the International Journal on Digital Libraries and member of the Steering Committee of the Theory & Practice on Digital Libraries Conference. Since July 2016, he is member of the Executive Board of LIBER (Ligue des Bibliothèques Européennes de Recherche - Association of European Research Libraries) and of the Board of Directors of the Consortium of Hellenic Academic Libraries. Since December 2016, he is appointed Vice President of the Hellenic General Council of Libraries, a body of the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs that monitors the operation of Greek public libraries.
A new kind of dialogue: Open Science as a discourse topic between libraries, researchers and societies
Open Science is high on the European Union agenda as one of the prime instruments for a more transparent, effective and competitive research environment. Recently, key organizations, such as library and Universities associations, as well as Ministries of European countries have joined the stream of calls for a transition to a new scientific paradigm. LIBER, the leading network of European Research Libraries, is running its new strategy for the period 2018-2022 "Research Libraries Powering Sustainable Knowledge in the Digital Age". The strategy has a strong interest in Open Science that was recently expressed through publishing the Open Science Roadmap. The Roadmap describes the context that has been shaped, the challenges that research libraries face and the pillars of Open Science activities. Together with other documents and activities it aims to enable libraries to familiarize, embrace and facilitate Open Science. It also becomes clear that Open Science will be a key discourse topic between libraries, researchers and societies, and at the end of the dialogue all should be persuaded about a cultural change that will help the European research landscape to progress.
Dr. Ignasi Labastida i Juan, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
Dr. Ignasi Labastida is the Head of the Office the Dissemination of Knowledge at the Universitat de Barcelona where he is also leading the Research Unit at the CRAI (Learning and Research Resource Center). From this Office he is leading different projects towards openness related to open educational resources, open access and open data within his own institution and partnering with external institutions. He is a member of the SPARC Europe board and a member of the Steering Committee of the Information & Open Access Policy Group at the LERU. He has been a member of the OCW Consortium Board of Directors on behalf of Creative Commons and a member of the Administrative Council of Communia, an International Association on the Public Domain built on the eponymous Thematic Network.
Facing the Open Science challenges from a university perspective
When we talk about Open Science we talk about new ways of performing research and disseminating results. Many researches are embracing this new way of doing research, sometimes fostered by funders, and universities must act. Open Science brings challenges and opportunities that must be evaluated from a university perspective in order to make changes on the way they provide services and infrastructures for researches. And, moreover, Open Science implies new ways of evaluating research, internally and externally. Universities must develop their own strategy for Open Science and an action plan to implement it. In this talk I will introduce some ideas on how to develop it.
Vanessa Proudman is Director of SPARC Europe; she is working to make Open the default in Europe.
Vanessa has 20 years’ international experience working with many leading university libraries worldwide, with research institutions, international policy makers, together with information and IT professionals and designers from many countries. She also headed information and IT at a UN affiliated international research institution in Vienna for 10 years. She has also been programme and project manager to Europeana. She is also the owner of Proud2Know, a consultancy that supports the development of Europe’s academic libraries.
It’s high time to rethink how we pay for Open infrastructure; it’s high time to act
Changes in the current scholarly communications policy, service and infrastructure
eco system require us to rethink how we will sustain our open efforts in the future. Seed funding will help us innovate; however, are we as libraries ready to invest in maintaining and further developing good practice for years to come such as services we have come to depend upon to implement our policies such as DOAJ or SHERPA/RoMEO?
Many of us in Europe are reliant on our ministries or on generous institutions for funding, but when governments or priorities change, how sure are we that this funding can or will continue? Furthermore, funders are increasingly introducing Open policies; what is their contribution to sustaining Open services / infrastructure? Or are we going to leave it to large publishers to purchase services and infrastructure to add it to their increasingly diversified portfolio, increasing our dependency on them?
A range of Open Research initiatives are experimenting with new business models to help combat these challenges. Furthermore, a new collective partnership model such as SCOSS is stimulating change in this area. Such developments are changing mindsets as regards the way we finance Open Research.
It is time to rethink how we fund the Open services and infrastructure that support Open policy and practice. Merely continuing to talk of the need to sustain service and infrastructure or taking a piecemeal approach will not cut it, we need to see a strategic vision and approach to help ensure the scholarly communications services and infrastructure are here for years to come.
Adam Sofronijevic (1973) holds a PhD in library and information science from University of Belgrade, a MSc in management and a MSc in library and information science and a BSc in information and communication technologies. Adam is certified with CISCO CCNA industrial certificate and over 40 Coursera, Udacity and MITx online certificates in fields of computing, management and humanities. He has ten years of managerial experience as a department head and a deputy director of University library Belgrade and rich experience as a board member of University library Belgrade, "Milutin Bojic" library in Belgrade and DART Europe. Adam was the driving force behind participation of University library Belgrade in two EU CIP ICT-PSP projects and is currently heading the participation of the library in Horizon 2020 READ project.
He was also responsible for implementation of 5 projects granted by Serbian Ministry of culture and is a national MC in EU COST Action E-READ. Adam has published internationally over 60 peer reviewed articles and book chapters and has been presenting at more than 30 international scientific conferences in 12 European countries. He is a member of LIBER annual conference program committee since 2012.
Open Science: The Remedy for a Post-truth World
Open Science is not just another meme among researchers, librarians and others leaning towards social justice and better world for all. Make no mistake about it, the meme it is, but the rare one, the one that holds a promise and grounds basis for a true change. A post-truth world that is rising is a world without institutions, or at least without institutions that make sense for most of us, or all of us. People stopped believing in truth because they lost trust in institutions that were guardians of truth. The field of science is mother to many institutions that used to be in business with truth and nowadays seem to just be in business. Universities, research centers, think-tanks, ministries, consulting agencies, data centers, libraries, all claim to have access to knowledge that is almost immeasurable and correspond to truth in almost every aspect of human life and nature. People seemingly don’t believe a word of this and started producing truth on their own, usually herded by truth tellers from other, non-scientific fields, politics or what have you. The lost of trust in institutions is in great part due to their non transparent workings, or an image of their workings that is easily made so they look like non or even un-transparent. The enormous scale of operations related to contemporary science, publishing plethora being just one facet of this phenomenon is not helping and creates heaps of trouble, independently eroding even further what little trust in institutions has left. Sweeping culture change proposed in the framework of Open Science grounds basis for a truly transparent workings in science related fields, and give hope that trust in institutions, primarily scientifically oriented, but in connection to them political and every other as well, can be rebuilt. If one, off the street, can effectively check the validity of the process leading to, let’s say, a defense of a PhD thesis, and comprehend the usefulness of this process for wider society, or its uselessness and related consequences for everyone involved, it may be a ground for the first step in making institutions involved with this process trustworthy again, and truth, that is scientifically established, singular again.
Miro Pušnik became Director of the Central Technological Library at the University of Ljubljana in 2009. He holds BA in Zootechnics and MSc on Scientific and Technical Informatics from the University of Ljubljana. Before his current position, he was Director’s Adviser on digital libraries and electronic resources. He led a project on setting up and operating the Digital Library of the University of Ljubljana. CTK is the central institution for consortia management and e-content acquisition in Slovenia. Their consortia are the largest in Slovenia, and probably one of the largest also in the region.
Encouraging Open Science »literacy«: Four years of Focus on Open Science workshops
Open Science is designed to make scientific processes more transparent and results more accessible. Overall, open science represents slow, but long-term changes to fundamental concepts of scholarly communication. Nowadays, many funders encourage, require, or reward some of open science practices. At the same time, in many cases funders do not provide comprehensive information or infrastructure support in this field. Consequently, researchers are faced with lack of skills in this field, which could result in frustrations and distrust in new practices in this field.
Academic libraries are strongly involved in the transition processes of changing concepts of scientific communication. However, even librarians often do not have sufficient skills and expertise to address complex problems in this field. Therefore, in the CTK, we decided to provide a range of educational events for librarians and other stakeholders in the development of scientific communication to inspire the best possible practices in this field. In cooperation with Scientific Knowledge Services, we have attracted numerous international speakers in Ljubljana, who presented various thematic aspects and solutions in the field of open science in developed research and educational environments. The importance of these meetings is substantial. After four years, we can observe the results of these meetings also in the applicative forms of various open science activities.
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